Polyneuropathy is defined as a neurological disorder typically characterized by the simultaneous malfunction of many peripheral nerves throughout the body. Quite often, the same nerves are affected symmetrically on both sides of the body, usually in the arms or legs. In fact, polyneuropathy is also referred to as the ‘Glove and Stocking Neuropathy’.
Polyneuropathy is termed as acute if it lasts up to 4 weeks, sub-acute if it lasts for 4 to 8 weeks or chronic if, it lasts for more than 8 weeks.
Symptoms of Polyneuropathy
Polyneuropathy is typically characterized by a symmetrical distribution of sensory motor abnormalities. Symptoms may develop gradually over a course of weeks and years and will normally develop on both sides of the body. The main symptoms are:
• Weakness in arms or legs
• Facial weakness
• Difficulty in using legs, feet, arms or hands
• Difficulty in swallowing
• Burning pain that worsens at night
• Decreased sensation
• Speech impairment
• Joint pain
• Bowl or bladder dysfunction
• Pain, burning, tingling of any part of the body
• Numbness, loss of sensation in arms and legs
• Unhealthy and shiny skin tissue
Causes of Polyneuropathy
A wide range of causes can lead to the occurrence of polyneuropathy. The main causative factors include:
• Alcoholic neuropathy
• Diabetic neuropathy
• Guillain-Barre syndrome
• Neuropathy caused by drugs
Neuropathy is a condition in which the peripheral nerves .i.e. the nerves in the body apart from the spinal cord and brain, are damaged or not working properly.
The nerve damage might also be caused by any condition that results in pressure on nerves, inflammation, decreased blood flow, connective tissue disorders and similar conditions.